West African perspectives People along the cocoa supply chain from farm to port have with great patience and clarity helped me to see what child labor looks like from their points of view embedded within the rural realities that define their lives and livelihoods Jun 15 202070% of global cocoa is produced in West Africa but more than 80% of its consumers are in Europe North America and Asia – Africa consumes less than 4% of cocoa products cocoa production in West Africa faces numerous biotic and abiotic threats in addition to the use of low yield varieties poor agricultural practices and aging farms

Governance of zero deforestation cocoa in West Africa: New

Cocoa from this region is grown primarily on small family‐owned farms the West African cocoa belt comprises about 2 million smallholders who depend on cocoa sales for food and income security (Kroeger Bakhtary et al 2017 Schroth et al 2016)

In 2009 Mars committed to sourcing only certified cocoa by 2020 However when Examiner asked Mars why it should take until 2020 to certify their chocolate child slave free the company said that "a very small number of children is trafficked or forced to work on cocoa farms" that "reaching every one of the millions of cocoa farmers in West Africa is a difficult task" that ensuring

Apr 07 2011IBADAN Nigeria (7 April 2011)_Rampant deforestation and degradation of West Africa's tropical forest area is occurring due to the expansion of smallholder cocoa farms that depend on environmentally destructive practices like slash-and-burn and land clearing According to a new study by researchers at the International Institute for Tropical Agriculture (IITA) and the Center for

Apr 07 2011IBADAN Nigeria (7 April 2011)_Rampant deforestation and degradation of West Africa's tropical forest area is occurring due to the expansion of smallholder cocoa farms that depend on environmentally destructive practices like slash-and-burn and land clearing According to a new study by researchers at the International Institute for Tropical Agriculture (IITA) and the Center for

Nov 11 2015"All over West Africa everybody is looking at Liberia in terms of cocoa production We have the land and our land is good for tree crops production Our target is to help our small farmers to improve and run this sector " Mr Antwi is craving for the establishment of a Liberian version of the AGM in the country where regional or county

West Africa

The West Africa regional office's largest portfolio is cocoa Its most influential partners are the Ghana Cocobod and the Conseil du Caf Cacao in Cote d'Ivoire These partners continue to support Solidaridad to address sector policies and institutional frameworks to create a vibrant responsive and inclusive West African cocoa economy

Cocoa in West Africa is primarily produced by 1 8 to 2 million smallholder farmers Low income and poverty make farmers more vulnerable and limit their ability to invest in sustainable agricultural practices Cocoa smallholders suffer from low productivity due to poor land management aging and diseased trees and progressing climate change

Mar 21 2018Ensuring tree tenure for West African cocoa farmers is key to preserving the productivity of their farms When growing timber trees on their land farmers can earn money by thinning trees halfway through the 25 to 30-year cocoa life cycle

Farmers stop investing in their farms they cut salaries cannot provide workers with proper working conditions and in the worst cases are prone to use child labour Hoping to increase their revenues they put more land under cocoa production often at the expense of

May 01 2020Further increase in cocoa production in the West African cocoa belt to meet global demand through land expansion is limited as land scarcity and strict regulation on cocoa deforestation (demand for deforestation free certified cocoa beans) currently persist

Jan 29 2019"If we know where the cocoa beans originated we will know if the cocoa farm is committed to zero-deforestation practices " explains Carodenuto As it stands there are no publicly available maps of West Africa's cocoa farms And there is a long way to go in the struggle towards deforestation-free cocoa and chocolate

Apr 29 2019The Rainforest Alliance remains committed to improving environmental and social issues on certified cocoa farms in West Africa We believe we have a shared responsibility along with other actors in the global supply chain to help bring the cocoa sector in West Africa to a more sustainable reality December 2019 Update

Out of this 2 03 million children were found in hazardous work in cocoa production in Ghana and Cte d'Ivoire in 2013/2014 a Tulane University report reveals This is an increase of 18 percent compared to 2008/2009 Roughly 70 percent of the world's cocoa is grown in West Africa

Cocoa production in West Africa a review and analysis of

Dec 01 2015Pests and diseases cause major economic losses in cocoa This is particularly so in West Africa with its very large number of small and often isolated cocoa farms in which adequate pest and disease control is lacking 3 1 Cocoa Swollen Shoot Virus Disease In all cocoa growing areas of West Africa the Cocoa Swollen Shoot Virus Disease (CSSVD

Sep 28 2018Some cocoa farmers from Ghana have taken to smuggling their cocoa to the Ivory Coast where cocoa is selling for almost 50 percent more With 835 466 tonnes grown in the West African nation that's a lot of smuggling to be done 1 – Cte d'Ivoire The Ivory Coast supplies 30 percent of the world's total cocoa leading the rest of the

Sep 03 2019We use it for selection of breeding varieties It is dominant planting material in cocoa production An example is the West African Amelonado It has quite an unpleasant flavour with a bitter taste Origin Peru Ecuador and Colombia and the Amazon basin in Brazil 2 Trinitario

Mirids are the major insects that affect cocoa worldwide In Ghana cocoa mirids have been recognized as a serious pest since 1908 due to their devastating effect The most common species in Ghana and West African countries are Distantiella theobroma and Sahlbergella singularis

The study assessed the input use efficiency of cocoa farmers in Nigeria Simple random sampling technique was used to select 90 cocoa farmers from the state Structured questionnaire was used to collect information from the respondents Empirical analysis revealed that cocoa production is profitable with average gross revenue average gross margin and average net farm income of N722 827 N613

Sep 25 2018Cocoa is a vital economic sector in West Africa but climate change threatens to reduce the area suitable for its cultivation bringing with it a risk for mass migration and civil violence The West African Cocoa Belt is a region of coastal forest that skirts along the Gulf of Guinea from Cameroon all the way to Sierra Leone

Cocoa is grown principally in West Africa Central and South America and South‐East Asia In Ghana cocoa is cultivated on about 1 5 million hectares of land by an estimated 800 000 farm families in six out of the 10 regions West African countries are ideal in climatic terms for growing cocoa as a cash crop

thirds of the world's cocoa production occurs in West Africa—produced for the most part on small farms contributing to several million rural livelihoods Cte d'Ivoire is the largest cocoa producer in the world with 40% of global cocoa production other significant cocoa-producing countries are Cameroon Ghana and Nigeria

Dec 11 2018The West African cocoa tree stock is also aging On many farms trees have exceeded their optimal productive age and productivity is steadily declining Cocoa trees are most productive when they are between five and 30 years old according to ICCO Various reports suggest that about 20 to 25 per cent of West Africa's cocoa trees are more than

Jun 07 2019Concerns about the use of child labor in West African cocoa production became widespread in the early 2000s in many high-income countries In 2015 in Ghana 91 8% (or a total of 878 595) of the children working in the cocoa sector were involved in a form of hazardous work Child labor in cocoa production is not just a symptom of poverty but also a contributing factor as children